(+91) 9686 448899

Physical address:
‚ÄčKruger Industries¬† E 42 & 43 2nd Main 2nd Phase, Peenya Ind Area, Bengaluru - 560058, India

Injection stretch blow molding process Kruger Industries

Injection Stretch Blow Molding

Injection Stretch Blow Molding (ISBM) A Comprehensive Guide to Engineering, Critical Parameters, Process Flaws, and Effectiveness

Injection Stretch Blow Molding (ISBM) is a process used for producing high-quality plastic bottles, containers, and other hollow products. This manufacturing technique combines the advantages of injection moulding and blow moulding, resulting in improved efficiency, enhanced product properties, and reduced production costs. ISBM is mainly used for producing PET, PP, or PC bottles, which are widely used in the packaging of beverages, personal care products, and pharmaceuticals.

Injection Stretch Blow Moulding Process

The process begins with the injection of molten polymer into a mould, where it solidifies and forms a preform. The preform is then reheated and stretched using a mechanical stretching rod before being inflated with pressurized air to conform to the desired container shape in the blow mould. Finally, the formed container is cooled and ejected from the mould.

The ISBM process can be broken down into four main stages:

  1. Injection molding: a. Preform production: Plastic resin (usually PET, PP, or PC) is fed into the injection molding machine, where it is melted and injected into a preform mold. The preform mold is designed to create a partially shaped product, called the “preform.” The preform has the finished neck and thread of the bottle but with a thicker wall and smaller overall size. b. Cooling: The preform is allowed to cool inside the mold, which helps it to solidify and maintain its shape. The cooling time is important for ensuring the preform has the correct properties for the next stages of the process.
  2. Preform conditioning: a. Reheating: The cooled preforms are removed from the injection molding machine and transferred to the blow molding machine. Before the blowing process, the preforms are heated to a specific temperature range to ensure optimal material viscosity for stretching and blowing. b. Temperature control: The temperature must be precisely controlled and evenly distributed throughout the preform to ensure consistent material properties and uniform bottle wall thickness during the blowing process.
  3. Stretch blow molding: a. Preform stretching: The heated preform is clamped inside the blow mold, and a stretch rod is inserted into the preform. The stretch rod pushes the preform axially, causing it to elongate and thin the walls of the material. b. Blowing: High-pressure air is introduced into the preform, forcing it to expand against the walls of the blow mold. The combination of axial stretching and radial blowing ensures the material is evenly distributed and results in a strong, lightweight bottle with excellent clarity and barrier properties.
  4. Ejection and cooling: a. Cooling: After the blowing process, the newly formed bottle is allowed to cool inside the mold. Cooling time depends on factors such as bottle thickness, material type, and mold temperature. b. Ejection: Once the bottle has cooled and solidified, the blow mold opens, and the finished product is ejected from the machine. The bottles are then inspected for quality and any excess material, such as flash or tail, is removed.

1.1 Critical Parameters

Several critical parameters must be controlled to ensure the success of the ISBM process:

a. Material selection: The choice of material plays a crucial role in determining the quality and performance of the final product. Commonly used materials for ISBM include PET, PP, and PC.

b. Injection pressure: The pressure applied during the injection stage must be carefully regulated to avoid defects such as short shots, sink marks, and weld lines.

c. Mould temperature: Maintaining an appropriate mould temperature is essential to prevent premature solidification of the polymer and to ensure proper filling of the mould cavity.

d. Stretching rod speed: The speed at which the stretching rod extends during the stretching phase significantly impacts the thickness and strength of the container wall.

e. Blow pressure: The pressure applied during the blow moulding stage must be controlled to achieve uniform wall thickness and prevent overstretching of the material.

1.2 Process Flaws and Solutions

Despite its numerous advantages, the ISBM process may encounter some flaws that can affect the quality of the final product. Here are some common process flaws and their solutions:

a. Short shots: Incomplete filling of the mould cavity may result in short shots. This can be overcome by increasing the injection pressure, modifying the injection time, or adjusting the mould temperature.

b. Sink marks: These are depressions on the container surface caused by uneven cooling and material shrinkage. To minimize sink marks, it is essential to optimize the cooling system, adjust the injection pressure, and maintain consistent wall thickness.

c. Weld lines: Weld lines are visible lines on the container surface caused by the joining of two flow fronts during the injection stage. To avoid weld lines, the gate location and injection pressure should be carefully selected, and a higher mould temperature should be maintained.

d. Uneven wall thickness: This defect can result from improper stretching or blow moulding pressure. Adjusting the stretching rod speed and blow pressure can help achieve a uniform wall thickness.

e. Haze and reduced clarity: The final product may exhibit reduced clarity and haze due to moisture or material degradation during processing. Ensuring proper drying of the material and maintaining optimal processing conditions can significantly improve product clarity.

  1. Advantages of Injection Stretch Blow Moulding

ISBM offers numerous benefits over conventional blow moulding processes:

a. Enhanced mechanical properties: The stretching phase in ISBM imparts biaxial orientation to the polymer, resulting in improved strength, stiffness, and barrier properties.

b. Reduced material usage: The precise control of material distribution in ISBM allows for thinner wall sections, resulting in reduced material consumption and lower production costs.

c. Superior product quality: ISBM produces containers with a high degree of dimensional accuracy,

The ISBM process offers several advantages, including high-quality bottles with uniform wall thickness, reduced material waste, excellent material utilization, and energy efficiency. However, it requires precise control of temperature and material properties, as well as accurate mold design and machine settings to achieve optimal results.

Leave a Reply

Do you need a quick quote for injection moulding?

By sharing this you agree to our Privacy Policy. Please click here to read

We promise to give you the price in 60 minutes

(during working hours India time)

You can also speak to our Dy Manager Sales, Bijeesh on +91 9902030023